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基于Centos7.4的Kubernetes安装实录

四台kvm虚拟机
192.168.1.120 master
192.168.1.121 node1
192.168.1.122 node2
192.168.1.123 node3

•先决条件

如下操作在所有机器执行

1.确保系统已经安装epel-release源

yum -y install epel-release

2.关闭防火墙服务和selinx,避免与docker容器的防火墙规则冲突。

systemctl stop firewalld

systemctl disable firewalld

setenforce 0

•安装配置Kubernetes Master
如下操作在master上执行
1.使用yum安装etcd和kubernetes-master

yum -y install etcd kubernetes-master

2.编辑/etc/etcd/etcd.conf文件

ETCD_NAME=default
ETCD_DATA_DIR="/var/lib/etcd/default.etcd"
ETCD_LISTEN_CLIENT_URLS="http://0.0.0.0:2379"
ETCD_ADVERTISE_CLIENT_URLS="http://localhost:2379"
3.编辑/etc/kubernetes/apiserver文件

KUBE_API_ADDRESS="--insecure-bind-address=0.0.0.0"
KUBE_API_PORT="--port=8080"
KUBELET_PORT="--kubelet-port=10250"
KUBE_ETCD_SERVERS="--etcd-servers=http://127.0.0.1:2379"
KUBE_SERVICE_ADDRESSES="--service-cluster-ip-range=10.254.0.0/16"
KUBE_ADMISSION_CONTROL="--admission-control=NamespaceLifecycle,NamespaceExists,LimitRanger,SecurityContextDeny,ResourceQuota"
KUBE_API_ARGS=""

4.启动etcd、kube-apiserver、kube-controller-manager、kube-scheduler等服务,并设置开机启动。

for SERVICES in etcd kube-apiserver kube-controller-manager kube-scheduler; do systemctl restart $SERVICES;systemctl enable $SERVICES;systemctl status $SERVICES ; done

5.在etcd中定义flannel网络

etcdctl mk /atomic.io/network/config '{"Network":"172.17.0.0/16"}'

•安装配置Kubernetes Node
如下操作在node1、node2、node3上执行
1.使用yum安装flannel和kubernetes-node

yum -y install flannel kubernetes-node

2.为flannel网络指定etcd服务,修改/etc/sysconfig/flanneld文件

FLANNEL_ETCD="http://192.168.1.120:2379"
FLANNEL_ETCD_KEY="/atomic.io/network"
3.修改/etc/kubernetes/config文件

KUBE_LOGTOSTDERR="--logtostderr=true"
KUBE_LOG_LEVEL="--v=0"
KUBE_ALLOW_PRIV="--allow-privileged=false"
KUBE_MASTER="--master=http://192.168.1.120:8080"
4.按照如下内容修改对应node的配置文件/etc/kubernetes/kubelet

node1:

KUBELET_ADDRESS="--address=0.0.0.0"
KUBELET_PORT="--port=10250"
KUBELET_HOSTNAME="--hostname-override=192.168.1.121" #修改成对应Node的IP
KUBELET_API_SERVER="--api-servers=http://192.168.1.120:8080" #指定Master节点的API Server
KUBELET_POD_INFRA_CONTAINER="--pod-infra-container-image=registry.access.redhat.com/rhel7/pod-infrastructure:latest"
KUBELET_ARGS=""

node2:

KUBELET_ADDRESS="--address=0.0.0.0"
KUBELET_PORT="--port=10250"
KUBELET_HOSTNAME="--hostname-override=192.168.1.122"
KUBELET_API_SERVER="--api-servers=http://192.168.1.120:8080"
KUBELET_POD_INFRA_CONTAINER="--pod-infra-container-image=registry.access.redhat.com/rhel7/pod-infrastructure:latest"
KUBELET_ARGS=""

node3:

KUBELET_ADDRESS="--address=0.0.0.0"
KUBELET_PORT="--port=10250"
KUBELET_HOSTNAME="--hostname-override=192.168.1.123"
KUBELET_API_SERVER="--api-servers=http://192.168.1.120:8080"
KUBELET_POD_INFRA_CONTAINER="--pod-infra-container-image=registry.access.redhat.com/rhel7/pod-infrastructure:latest"
KUBELET_ARGS=""

5.在所有Node节点上启动kube-proxy,kubelet,docker,flanneld等服务,并设置开机启动。

for SERVICES in kube-proxy kubelet docker flanneld;do systemctl restart $SERVICES;systemctl enable $SERVICES;systemctl status $SERVICES; done

•验证集群是否安装成功
在master上执行如下命令

[root@master ~]# kubectl get node
NAME STATUS AGE
192.168.1.121 Ready 1m
192.168.1.122 Ready 1m
192.168.1.123 Ready 1m

*注释:上述4个节点正常显示,状态为Ready,则说明集群搭建成功,至于集群的应用会在后续文章中介绍。

宝剑锋从磨砺出,梅花香自苦寒来.